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Difference between TLM and Teaching Aids

By Ampersand Group

Difference between TLM and Teaching Aids - Ampersand Group

The world of education has evolved leaps and bounds in India. Educators have changed their approach to imparting lessons and now use innovative instructional material to help students grasp concepts better. To carry out such tasks, educators use Teaching Learning Material (TLM) and Teaching Aids. One might wonder what is the difference between TLM and Teaching Aids. Turns out, they are two sides of the same coin but there is a fine line that separates the two. TLM and teaching aids complement each other but stand out for their offerings.

Ampersand Group - What is TLM

Difference between TLM and Teaching Aids
Sr No. Teacher Learning Material Teaching Aids

What is TLM?

Teaching Learning Materials are used by educators to relay knowledge to students. These teaching materials include textbooks, worksheets and blackboards or whiteboards among other instructional items.

What is Teaching Aids?

Whereas, teaching aids are new-age tech items used by educators to make the lesson being taught more effective. For example, teaching aids can include audio-visual aids, educational games, projectors, smartboards, field trips, infographics and charts or posters.


What are the types of TLM?

All learning-assistance resources, including digital and printed materials, are included in TLMs. Giving students the tools they need to comprehend and retain information is the main goal. Workbooks, worksheets, handouts, and textbooks are the main categories of TLMs. In addition to traditional TLMs, this category also includes digital resources including instructional apps and e-books.

What are the types of Teaching Aids?

A subset of TLMs, teaching aids are primarily resources that help educators carry out their lessons. The primary objective of teaching aids is to assist teachers in their instructional endeavours by simplifying the explanation of intricate concepts and sustaining students' attention. A few examples of teaching aids are interactive resources like smartboards and educational games, models and actual items, and audio-visual aids.


What are the importance of TLM?

Teaching Learning Materials play a crucial role in the educational process, providing numerous benefits that enhance both teaching and learning. Here’s why TLM is important:

  • Simple and enhanced understanding: To assist students learn better and retain topics, several TLMs make it easy. For example, workbooks help students to practice what they learn in class through instructional material.
  • All-encompassing: TLM is inclusive and supports a variety of learning methods. It is adaptable enough to instruct students of varying skill levels. TLM facilitates remote and online learning as well.
  • Critical Thinking: TLMs frequently incorporate critical thinking and problem-solving activities, which helps students to develop these vital abilities.

What are the importance of Teaching Aids?

Teaching aids are important instruments in the educational space since they improve learning and teaching while providing a number of advantages.

  • Memory Retention: Students are better able to retain material when they use interactive and visual aids.
  • Clarification of Concepts: Teaching aids make abstract ideas more understandable by offering concrete, visual examples of difficult to understand subject matter.
  • Multisensory Learning: Teaching aids accommodate many learning preferences, including kinesthetic, auditory, and visual, so that all students can access and comprehend the content.

What are the objectives of TLM?

The primary objective of TLM is to improve the teaching and learning process via tools that promote comprehension, engagement and creativity.

  • Comprehension: To assist students connect with and understand the topic, TLM provides concrete examples and real-world applications.
  • Engagement: Learning becomes more dynamic and enjoyable when materials are interactive and hands-on, thus encouraging active engagement.
  • Creativity: Artistic and project-based TLMs encourage creativity and innovation in both teaching and learning processes.

What are the objectives of Teaching Aids?

The primary objective of teaching aids is to play a crucial role in improving the effectiveness of teaching by providing visual, auditory and interactive tools that enhance clarity, engagement, and understanding.

  • High engagement: By adding interest and excitement to classes, teaching aids help students stay focused and interested throughout the whole lesson.
  • Multisensory Learning: Using all three senses —sight, hearing, and touch— improves information recall and memory retention for learners.
  • Adaptability: Flexibility and adaptability are features of digital teaching aids that enable modification to meet the demands of students and various educational environments.

What are the examples of TLM?

Teaching Learning Material: A science kit for experiments is a set of physical materials and tools designed to facilitate hands-on learning and experimentation in science subjects.

  • Objective: Give students opportunities for hands-on, experiential learning that will allow them to investigate scientific ideas, hone their critical thinking abilities, and understand concepts through direct observation and experimentation.
  • Result: Students do experiments using the science kit either on their own or under the direction of teachers. Through active engagement, they follow directions, observe findings, collect data, and form conclusions, ultimately developing a greater comprehension of scientific topics.

What are the examples of Teaching Aids?

Teaching Aid: Interactive Whiteboard an interactive whiteboard is a technological teaching aid that combines a traditional whiteboard with computer capabilities. It allows teachers to display content from a computer onto the board's surface and interact with it using a stylus, fingers or other tools.

  • Objective: To enhance lesson delivery by providing interactive visual content and engage students through a multimedia approach.
  • Result: Instructors can project charts, diagrams, instructional software, and films onto the interactive whiteboard. They are able to annotate text, move items around on the screen, and lead interactive exercises like simulations and quizzes. This helps students to be more engaged and active, while helping them to retain the learning material.


There is a lot of overlap between TLMs and instructional aids despite these distinctions. Numerous resources can accomplish both goals, improving students' learning experiences and assisting teachers in delivering lessons more successfully. For instance, a video can be a teaching aid when used by a teacher to explain a concept, and it can be part of TLMs when students watch it independently for further understanding.

To know more in the education and skill development sectors, visit Ampersand Group.

Ampersand Group - What is Teaching Aids

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are the principle of TLM and Teaching Aids?

There are five principles of TLM and teaching aids. They are:

  • Principle of Selection
  • Principle of Preparation
  • Principle of Proper presentation
  • Principle of Response
  • Principle of Control

2. What are the two different teaching methods?

Teacher-centered instruction and student-centered instruction are the two primary categories of instructional strategies and tactics.

The teacher takes on an active role while the student takes on a passive role in teacher-centered instruction. In contrast, the focus of student-centered instruction is the students themselves.

3. What are the classification of TLM & Teaching Aids?

Learning instructional material as well as tools used by educators have evolved over the years. Today, TLMs and teaching aids can be classified on several parameters dependent on how they contribute to a student and teacher’s learning-teaching experience. Irrespective of TLM or teaching aids, they are classified based on different categories.

Let’s take a look at some of the categories below:

  • Traditional Vs Modern
    Though learning material and teaching aids have changed throughout time, they have definitely long been our reliable allies. Traditional educational material that is always reliable are the classic ones, such as textbooks, worksheets, eye-catching charts and instructive games. However, modern aids with interactive whiteboards and digital apps make learning interactive.
  • Real-life Vs Virtual
    Virtual adventures or real-life experiences are also used as an effective teaching tool. A practical example is when a student goes to a zoo to learn about animals. Whereas, when an online simulation is used to teach students the wonders of space, it helps the learner to grasp and remember the concept of space with clarity.
  • Individual Vs Group
    Teaching tools can be created for both group and individual instruction. Individual learning tools, such as interactive quizzes for math problems, support individual learning. Group aids promote cooperation and teamwork by bringing learners together.

Significance of TLM in education

By Ampersand Group

Significance of TLM in education - Ampersand Group

The use of digital tools in the education sector has marked a significant shift towards digital learning. While students are the end beneficiaries of this technology revolution, the teaching industry has also undergone a massive change in terms of new teaching tools and resources that are now available to educators. One such resource is TLM – Teaching Learning Material.

What is TLM?

As mentioned above, TLM stands for Teaching Learning Material. Moving away from the teacher-student lecture and rote learning methodology, TLM offers a fresh approach for educators to impart knowledge to students with the help of innovative instructional material. This instruction material includes a range of resources and lesson materials that are used for effective teaching. TLM is also commonly known as instruction material or teaching aids.

Why is Teaching Learning Material important?

Indian education has largely focused on rote learning methodology. Several changes and the pandemic has pushed Indian educators to move away from only textual learning material and experiment with different teaching methods. When used well, TLM can help students to grasp complex concepts. It is of crucial importance to infuse new-age TLM with traditional learning material to make sure students stay ahead of the curve. Digital learning material also promotes independent learning as it allows students to take charge of their learning through the use of educational apps or online modules.

What are the objectives of TLM?

The goal of TLM largely is to help children and learners from all backgrounds grasp knowledge with the help of effective instructional material. Here are some of the objectives of TLM:

1. Facilitates understanding

A good and robust use of learning materials leads to effectively imparting knowledge.

2. Promotes independent learning

Digital or experiential learning material encourages children to think independently and solve curriculum problems with good techniques.

3. Improves teaching efficiency

TLM helps teachers to engage students in a creative manner thus helping them stay efficient with their teaching calendar.

4. Tech literacy

The use of digital TLM helps students as well as teachers increase their understanding about how technology can be used in education.

5. Simplifies assessment tasks

These resources also help teachers to simplify assessment tasks by taking them online and giving immediate feedback.

Ampersand Group - Characteristics of good TLM

What are the types of TLM?

There are several types of TLM that helps students to learn in an innovative and engaging manner. Some of them are:

1. Visual

These teaching aids are visually attractive and help educators to break down complex concepts into easy, understandable segments. Some of the visual teaching aids include charts, flashcards, posters, diagrams, graphs and photographs.

2. Audio

Audio teaching aids can engage students in a fun and inspiring way through the use of songs, rhymes, educational songs, podcasts or videos in a new language.

3. Audiovisual

While visual and audio materials on their own are effective, when these two components come together there’s a greater impact. Audiovisual materials such as documentaries, videos in an instructional or animated manner engage students more. Likewise, AI-powered presentations can also make learning interesting.

4. Textual

The good old textual learning material helps educators to give a good reference point for students. For example: Textbooks can be used for references while workbooks can complement the same. Other reference books such as encyclopedias and dictionaries are also useful.

5. Digital

The learning material that has gained increasing popularity over the last decade is digital material. For example, educational learning apps can prove to be an interactive option for students as well as E-learning modules, online quizzes or competitions can be a great way to get students involved.

Apart from these widely used teaching learning materials, other types can be printed, experiential, collaborative and assessment-based learning material.

What are the benefits of TLM?

The advantages of Teaching Learning Material are several as it has made the education space more inclusive. Here are some of the benefits of TLM:

1. Easy and enhanced understanding

Different kinds of teaching aids provide concrete examples to help students understand and grasp concepts better. Visuals aids like posters and charts present complex information in an easy-to-understand manner.

2. Inclusive

TLM caters to different learning styles and is inclusive in nature. It can be adapted to teach different level of learners with different abilities. TLM also supports online and distance learning.

3. High engagement

Audiovisual aid engages students with motion graphics and sound to understand a complex subject. It also makes the learning process more interesting, thus leading to a high engagement value among students and learners.

4. Promotes active learning

Experiential teaching material can help students get involved in learning hands-on. Experiential learning includes field trips, lab visits and learning with different kinds of equipment among others which promotes active learning.

5. Promotes critical thinking

The use of material like case studies, group discussions and problem-solving activities pushes students to think critically and helps develop problem-solving skills. Projects and activities also foster innovation and creativity among students.

These benefits make TLM essential in the educational space and reiterate the need for innovative teaching methods.

What are the characteristics of good TLM?

Some good characteristics of Teaching-Learning Material are relevance, clarity, engagement of multiple senses, accurate and easy-to-use. These five characteristics make TLM feasible to implement for educators as well as easy-to-use for students.

Ampersand Group - Importance of TLM

What are the methods to manage TLM effectively?

Effective TLM management is essential to maximizing its advantages. The following ways can be used to manage TLMs effectively:

1. Inventory Management

Maintaining a detailed inventory of all TLMs, including textbooks, digital resources, manipulatives, and audiovisual aids is key to easily tracking and identifying it.

2. Digital resource management

Maintaining an updated digital library of e-books, documentaries, podcasts, audio and video resources will help to manage digital resources effectively.

3. Accessibility

Dedicate storage space for TLMs such as bookshelves for textbooks, cabinets for lab equipment and clear boxes for smaller items such as toys. Make sure these materials are easily accessible to students as well as teachers.

4. Planning and Scheduling

Include TLMs in lesson plans to guarantee that they are utilized efficiently when teaching. Establish a reservation system for shared resources in order to guarantee availability when needed.

5. Teaching and Professional Development

Teachers should get training on how to use and incorporate TLMs into their lessons in an efficient manner. They should also be encouraged to share their best practices when it comes to implementing TLMs.


In summation, teaching learning material helps simplify complex concepts, cater to different learning styles, and reinforce knowledge through practical application. Effective and innovative TLM also continues to enhance the learning experience for students and pushes educators to impart lessons creatively while improving overall learning outcomes.

To know more in the education and skill development sectors, visit Ampersand Group.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are Visuals Aids?

Tools that aid in the visual transmission of information to improve comprehension, retention, and engagement are called visual aids. They are frequently employed to enhance teaching and learning in educational settings.

2. What are Learning and Teaching Support Materials (LTSM)?

Learning and Teaching Support Materials (LTSM) are resources used to support and enhance the educational process. It includes traditional and digital resources that facilitate understanding, engagement, and retention of knowledge.

3. What are Teaching Aids?

Teaching aids are tools and resources used by educators to enhance the teaching and learning process. These aids make the delivery of educational content more effective, engaging, and accessible, helping students to understand and retain information better.

The Power of EdTech

By Ampersand Group

The Power of EdTech - Ampersand Group

Technology has successfully revolutionized every industry and every aspect of our daily lives. The education sector is no different. Technology has impacted learning and EdTech simply means a combination of two words - education and technology.

EdTech has transformed education and how children gain knowledge through different mediums. The Covid-19 pandemic has been a major contributing factor in the boom of EdTech across the world. As schools and education institutions were forced to shift to online teaching, the need for online education saw a spike.

While the pandemic is not around anymore, traditional learning experiences have been infused with technology. For example, smartboards, in-classroom tablets, interactive projection screens, apps for content, lesson plans or timetable and online examination portals have been implemented in schools.

Importance of EdTech in 21st Century

The role of technology in education has been significant. Like every other industry, technology has also impacted the education sector. The infusion of technology and education has become more significant than ever as more and more students are using digital resources to gain knowledge, understand concepts better and connect with other like-minded students who are prepping for competitive exams.

It is crucial for students to be aware of the use of EdTech in order to stay ahead of the curve. As for educational institutions, embracing EdTech can be beneficial as student success ratio rate can improve massively by implementing an interactive methodology.

What are the features of EdTech?

There are several features of EdTech that make it a desirable option for educators, students and parents looking to explore viable options. Some of the features of EdTech are:

1. Promotes fun and engaging learning

The infusion of technology into education makes lessons engaging and fun for young kids. With the help of attractive visuals, educators and parents can break down complex concepts in an interactive manner.

2. Empowers educators

EdTech empowers educators with tools, resources, and professional development opportunities to enhance their teaching practices. Learning management systems (LMS), educational apps, and digital teaching tools enables them to create interactive lessons and collaborate with colleagues.

3. Efficient Assessment Tools

EdTech helps streamline assessment and feedback processes, providing timely, personalized feedback to students and educators.

4. Accessible

The biggest feature of using an Edtech platform is that it can be accessed from anywhere. Students or learners have access to teaching material online and can continue with remote learning even while away from school.

5. Collaborative learning

EdTech facilitates collaboration, communication, and knowledge sharing among students and educators, breaking down geographical barriers and promoting peer learning and interaction.

Ampersand Group - Features of EdTech

What are the benefits of EdTech?

EdTech has proven to be a boon, rather than a bane for children and educational institutions alike. Here are some of the benefits of EdTech:

1. Variety of education material

Several EdTech companies have emerged in India over the last decade. These platforms have transformed the education space as it has made a variety of education material easily accessible.

2. Interactive methodology

With the help of engaging and visual aids, education material on EdTech platforms is interactive and helps students to grasp concepts better.

3. Personalized learning

It enables personalized learning experiences tailored to individual students' needs, interests, and learning styles. One of the biggest benefits of using EdTech is that it allows all kinds of learners to learn and understand concepts at their own pace.

4. Lifelong learning

EdTech promotes lifelong learning and skill development by providing opportunities for continuous learning and upskilling.

5. AI in EdTech

Adaptive learning platforms, intelligent tutoring systems, and personalized learning pathways adjust content, pace, and difficulty levels based on students' performance and preferences, promoting more effective and engaging learning experiences.

What are the challenges faced while using EdTech?

While the benefits of EdTech outweigh its disadvantages, there are some challenges prevalent:

1. Tech issues

Various EdTech learning platforms are dependent on Internet connection or WiFi. This dependency can sometimes pose as a challenge as it might require schools or institutions to invest in resources to provide a robust tech infrastructure.

2. Difficult-to-use

As a beginner, EdTech platforms might be overwhelming for educators, parents or students who may lack the necessary digital literacy skills to effectively navigate and utilize these tools and platforms.

3. Impact on traditional learning

With changing living and lifestyle preferences of new-age parents, EdTech provides flexible learning options that accommodates diverse learning preferences, schedules, and lifestyles. Thus, this impacts traditional learning as parents may prefer homeschooling or blended learning modules.

4. Excessive screen time

The dependency on digital resources leads to increased screen time for children which often worries parents.

5. Access/Technology equity

Not every child or public school might have access to technological resources or digital equipment that requires them to access lesson plans or content. These lack of resources have been a major reason why several schools in India have still not embraced EdTech.

How does EdTech empower teachers?

Teachers and educators are empowered by EdTech in many ways, which improves their efficacy, efficiency, and creativity in a digital and smart classroom. Take a look at some of the reasons below:

1. Professional Development

EdTech gives educators the opportunity for ongoing professional development and learning. Online courses, webinars, virtual conferences, and digital communities enable educators to enhance their subject knowledge, pedagogical skills and technology integration strategies.

2. Efficient management

Digital tools to manage assessments, attendance, timetable and online study material helps teachers to efficiently manage smart classrooms and students.

3. Creativity and Innovation

Digital storytelling tools empowers teachers to explore new instructional strategies, experiment with innovative teaching methods, and unleash their creativity in a digital classroom.

Ampersand Group’s EdTech initiative: HubbleHox

Ampersand Group’s Hubblehox Technologies is a dynamic, innovative company, right at the sweet spot where Technology and Education meet. It specializes in the development of customized Edtech products and cutting-edge educational content and platform delivery solutions for our government and institutional customers. At the heart of everything, lies the mission to harness the power of technology to empower education and drive positive societal change.

Click here to know more about what Hubblehox offers.

Ampersand Group - Benefits of EdTech


In all, EdTech has managed to bring about a massive change in traditional learning methods for good. It is here to stay and further transform how young children of India learn. It empowers them as well as educators and parents by providing them with access to innovative tools, resources, and opportunities.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Is there a high demand for positions in educational technology?

Yes, there is a high demand for positions in educational technology due to rapid growth in the sector and emerging technologies.

2. What significance does EdTech hold in the contemporary education sector?

EdTech holds significant promise for transforming education, improving learning outcomes, and empowering learners and educators to succeed in the digital age.

3. What challenges accompany the integration of technology into education?

Integration of technology in education poses several challenges as discussed above. From excessive screen time to its impact on traditional learning, there are a few. However, the benefits of EdTech outweigh its disadvantages.

DDU-GKY: All you need to know about government’s scheme

By Ampersand Group

DDU-GKY: All you need to know about government’s scheme - Ampersand Group

What is DDU GKY?

DDU-GKY stands for Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana. It the government’s skill training initiative for the rural youth of India. The programme is run by the Ministry of Rural India and it aims to equip rural youth between the age group of 15 to 35 years of age with skills that will help them to land employment opportunities or set them on a career pathway.

What is the purpose of DDU-GKY?

The origins of the DDU-GKY programme can be traced back to 2004 under the ‘special project’ component of the Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) scheme. It was formally revisited and re-envisioned in September 2014 under a new skills framework and standard operating procedures.

The purpose of the programme is to generate income diversity among the rural youth and help them realise their career potential. The aim has been to equip the rural youth with skills that will help them source regular wage employment. It has been underway since years by implementing skilling and placement initiatives to help Below Poverty Line (BPL) families cross the divide and become financially independent.

What are the features of DDU-GKY?

Over the years, the DDU-GKY programme has helped rural youth enter the workforce and in career progression by acquiring industry skills. The features of DDU-GKY are multi-fold. Take a look:

1. Pan-India

The DDU-GKY scheme is set up across India and rural youth can get trained in specific vocations depending on location of their district. As per the Ministry of Rural Development, the scheme is implemented in all Indian states and in 2022, the programme had as many as 12 lakh candidates being trained.

2. Extensive Training Sectors

Given its presence across India, DDU-GKY also offers training in a variety of sectors. Up until 2022, the programme’s training and implementation partners were offering training in almost 82 sectors which covered more than 400 job roles or trades. A candidate can opt for their industry preference depending on their location.

3. No cost involved

The government subsidizes 100% of the training programme cost at its approved training centres. Candidates who sign up for training do not require to pay a fee but need to attend classes as well as on-the-job training, as per programme requirement.

4. Training duration

The training duration for these programmes is flexible. Candidates can opt for 3,6,9 or 12-month training courses. Each of these courses also include on-the-job training or exams that are mandatory to complete for certification. Some programmes also provide flexibility in terms of part-time or full-time duration. Also, some training centres also allow candidate to enroll for National Open Schools to complete their education as well as receive skill training.

Ampersand Group - Features of DDU-GKY

What are the benefits of DDU-GKY?

1. Empowers BPL Families

As explained above, DDU-GKY’s main aim is to empower families below the poverty line (BPL) by equipping the rural youth with skills that can be transferred professionally. As per MoRD, India approximately has 55 million youth between the age group of 15 to 35, thus empowering them is crucial for their financial independence and India’s economic growth.

2. Facilities

Training centres are fully equipped with the necessary IT and educational material required to conduct different types of training successfully. These modern fully equipped centres provide training across various sectors such as health, retail, hospitality, automotive, construction, gems, leather, plumbing, electrical and jewellery among others.

3. On-the-job training

This component of DDU-GKY is mandatory for all candidates. The duration for On-the-Job training differs as per the duration of the course. For a 3-month course, a candidate will get 30 days of on-the-job training. Likewise, 60 days for a 6-month course, 90 days for a 9-month course and 120 days for a 12-month course.

4. Career Assistance

Training centres are also equipped to provide placement assistance to candidates once they complete their training. As per MoRD, candidates are paid Rs 1,000/- per month for 2 months if they are placed within the district, 3 months within the state and 6 months if placed in another state. This monetary assistance helps the candidate to settle into their new job and routine at the earliest without much hindrance.

5. Counselling and guidance

The rural youth receive in-person counselling and guidance. These sessions help the candidates to pick a training course based on their aptitude. Training centres also provide professional guidance by providing placement opportunities and interaction with potential employers.

How does DDU-GKY work?

1. DDU-GKY Model

The DDU-GKY model follows a 3-tier implementation model. First, is the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) which acts as the national unit. It offers technical support and is the facilitating as well as policy-making agency. Second, are the DDU-GKY State Missions who provide implementation support. The on-boarded Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs) then implement the skill training programmes.

2. Project Implementing Agencies

The DDU-GKY is implemented across India by onboarding Project Implementing Agencies (PIA). The government sanctions projects to corporate training houses, NGOs, skill training experts or qualified trainers who run the operations and management of training centres. All PIAs need to comply with the standard operating procedures in place in order to run a training centre. This skill training project is one-of-a-kind as the government has set benchmarks for minimum standards and quality benchmarks in service.

What is the Eligibility Criteria for DDU-GKY?

1. Age

The programme focuses on rural youth between the age group of 15 to 35 years. However, it also offers age relaxation by 10 years for women candidates, and candidates belonging to Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), Persons with Disabilities (PwDs), Transgender and other Special Groups like rehabilitated bonded labour, victims of trafficking, manual scavengers, trans-genders, HIV positive persons.

2. Documents Required

Candidates need to furnish documents in order to benefit from skill training. As per MoRD, any of these documents can be presented:

  • BPL Card of self or household (where candidate’s name is also mentioned).
  • MGNREGA worker card of any member of household, with a minimum of 15 days of completed work in the last 12 months.
  • Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) card of household.
  • Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana3 (RSBY) card of household.
  • BPL PDS card of household.
  • National Rural Livelihood Mission -Self Help Group identification or certificate for any member of candidate’s household.

Apart from these documents, candidates from the reserved category will need to provide these documents:

  • SC/ST Certificate issued by competent authority.
  • Disability Certificate issued by competent authority.
  • Self-certification by the candidate for his/her status as minority community.

Ampersand Group - Benefits of DDU-GKY


Ampersand Group is DDU-GKY’s preferred implementation partner

Ampersand Group is a preferred project implementation partner of the DDU-GKY programme. In August 2023, Ampersand Group conducted an incredibly successful job fair with an impressive placement rate of 81% for the trades of healthcare, hospitality and retail in Bihar.

Over the last 5 years, we have made an impact in 5 Indian states. We have trained close to 3,780 candidates in industries such as retail, healthcare, construction and IT-ITES in states like Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Kerala. Of the 3,780 trained, 2820 were female and 960 were male candidates.

In Bihar, we operated and managed three centres in Sasaram, Patna Gola Road and Patna Zero Mile. In other states, one centre each was set up to train youth and students in crucial skills that pave the way for potential employment and entrepreneurship opportunities.

Our short-term skill training courses act as a bridge between skilled labour and industry vacancies and cover every step, from the enrolment to the placement journey.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What sectors does the DDU-GKY program offer skill training in?

The Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) programme offers skill training in various sectors such as retail, healthcare, hospitality, tourism, construction, informational technology, automotive, agriculture, beauty and wellness among others.

2.Who are the beneficiaries of DDU-GKY?

The DDU-GKY programme targets a specific group of beneficiaries, primarily focusing on rural youth and marginalised communities. The beneficiaries of the skill training programmes are rural youth, women, members from the SC and ST communities and other socio-economic disadvantaged groups.

3. What is the training fee for DDU-GKY programmes?

The government subsidizes 100% of the training fee at its approved training centres. Candidates who sign up for training are not required to pay a fee.

Guide on Skill training, Skill development and Skills management

By Ampersand Group

Guide on Skill training, Skill development and Skills management - Ampersand Group


Skill training refers to the process of acquiring or enhancing specific abilities, knowledge, or competencies to perform tasks effectively. It includes planned educational activities meant to foster transferable abilities related to a specific career path, job function, or area of interest. Hard and soft skills can be acquired through formal schooling, self-directed learning, online courses, workshops, seminars, group discussions, games and on-the-job training. Enhancing performance, productivity, and proficiency in a particular field is the aim of skill training, which boosts one's employability, chances for career progression, and general success in all undertakings.

Why is Skill Training important?

The importance of skill training is multi-fold. It has a long history of helping employees accomplish work-related tasks efficiently as well as helping them upskill and increase employment opportunities. Here are some of the factors that make skill training crucial:

1. Increased Employability

People are more appealing to employers when they acquire appropriate skills. In a competitive job market, possessing specialised skills can give candidates an edge over others with similar qualifications.

2.Career Advancement

Through skill development, people can become more knowledgeable and progress in their careers. Developing new abilities or improving current ones might result in possibilities for leadership roles, pay raises, and promotions.

3. Adaptability

Technological developments and market shifts continuously transform sectors and job requirements today. Skill training programmes assist people in remaining relevant and adaptive by providing them with the newest skills, methods, and information required to deal with these changes.

What are the advantages of skill training?

The purpose of skill training is to nurture talent and thus help people to upskill with more than one specialisation. These are some of the advantages of skill training:

1. Enhanced Productivity

In the workplace, efficiency and productivity are enhanced by effective skill training. When workers are competent in their positions, they may do tasks faster, generate better work, and add to the organization's success as a whole.

2. Innovation and Creativity

Through encouraging people to think critically, solve issues, and explore new ideas, skill training promotes innovation and creativity. Developing a diverse set of skills can inspire innovative approaches to challenges and drive progress in various fields.

3. Personal Development

Developing one's skills helps one grow personally and achieve their potential, in addition to helping one's career. Acquiring new abilities expands one's horizons, increases self-assurance, and gives a sense of accomplishment.

4. Enhancing Job Performance

By giving people the abilities and information needed to succeed in their positions, skill training seeks to improve job performance. Employees with proper training are more effective, efficient, and able to provide high-quality work, which enhances organizational success.

What are the disadvantages of skill training?

These could be the potential disadvantages of skill training:

1. Costs

Developing and implementing skill training programmes can be costly, particularly for small businesses or individuals with tight budgets. Tuition, supplies, teacher pay, and lost productivity during training sessions are some examples of costs.

2. Time Restrictions

Skill development frequently necessitates time away from regular employment obligations. Workflows and productivity may be affected by this, especially if staff members must juggle training obligations with regular work.

3. Risk of Obsolescence

In fields where change happens swiftly, knowledge gained through training programmes may not be applicable for very long. This may make the training useless or require further training in order to stay up to date with changing practices and technologies.

4. Resistance to Change

People who are reluctant to leave their comfort zones or who are afraid of change may be resistant to skill training. The efficiency of training initiatives might be hampered by resistance, which also keeps people from adopting new ideas and abilities to the fullest.

Despite these potential disadvantages, skill training remains a valuable investment for individuals and organizations seeking to enhance performance, competitiveness, and overall success.

Ampersand Group - Skill training

What are the elements of skill training?

Several elements are involved in successfully imparting skill training programmes and achieving desired goals. These are:

1. Assessment

Identifying gaps that need to be addressed is the first step in skill training. This may involve individual assessments, performance evaluations, or broader analyses of organizational needs.

2. Curriculum

Designing a structured curriculum or learning plan that outlines the learning objectives, content, and activities necessary to achieve desired skill outcomes is crucial. The curriculum may include lectures, demonstrations, hands-on exercises, case studies, and assessments.

3. Instructional Methods

Selecting appropriate instructional methods and delivery formats based on the nature of the skills being taught and the preferences of the learners.

4. Trainers or Instructors

It is necessary to have qualified trainers or instructors with expertise in a particular subject matter to engage and motivate learners involved in the training process.

5. Practice and Application

Hands-on exercises, simulations, role-plays, and real-world projects allow participants to gain practical experience and reinforce their learning.

6. Feedback and Evaluation

Regular evaluations, quizzes, assessments, and performance reviews are essential for tracking learning outcomes and adjusting the training as needed.

What are the examples of Skill Training?

Skill training programmes are carried out across various industries. From technical to management, the kind of skill training programmes can differ based on industries and the desired outcome.

1. In technical fields, skill training can include programmes designed to help employees or students learn programming languages like Python, Java, or JavaScript.

2. In the healthcare industry, it can involve training in using new medical devices or technology.

3. In management, soft-skills training such as leadership programmes are held to build leadership qualities such as decision-making, conflict resolution, and team management.


Skill development is identified as the process of gaining, improving, or updating the skills, knowledge, and competences required to carry out tasks successfully in a variety of professional or vocational spaces. It includes programmes meant to hone soft skills like problem-solving, communication, and teamwork as well as technical skills like mastery of certain tools, technologies, or procedures.

What are the benefits of skill development?

Skill development offers several benefits for both individuals and organizations:

1. Bridging industry gap

Many industries struggle to find workers with the right skills for available jobs. Skill development aims to bridge this gap by providing training in sectors where there is high demand for skilled workers.

2. Employment and entrepreneurship opportunities

By equipping learners, youth and students with the right skills, potential employment and entrepreneurship opportunities open up. This gives candidates the flexibility for career growth in the same region.

3. Keeping up with global trends

In an increasingly interconnected and competitive global economy, India needs a skilled workforce to remain competitive. Skill development enhances the country's competitiveness by equipping youngsters and making them job ready.

4. Sustainable

With sustainability as a primary objective, local youth are given access to training, internships, placements, and microbusiness opportunities, all of which contribute to the advancement of the community as a whole.

5. Social and Economic Development

Skill development contributes to overall social and economic development by building human capital, reducing poverty, and promoting inclusive growth across communities and nations.

Ampersand Group - Skill development in India


What is skills management?

Skills management is a strategic approach to identifying, acquiring, developing, and utilizing the skills and competencies of individuals within an organization. It includes mapping and tracking skills that are present in the workforce, coordinating those skills with organizational objectives, and putting procedures in place to optimize these skills. The strategy of skills management is to maximize the pool of available talent to make sure that the organization has the right people in the right positions at the right time.

Why is skills management important?

Skills management is critical for building a talented and resilient workforce that can drive organizational success. Here’s why it is important:

1. Talent Optimization

Skills management process makes sure that companies have the personnel on hand to handle both present and future business demands. Businesses may increase production and efficiency by making the most of their talent pool through strategic skill assessment and management.

2. Meeting Industry Demands

Skill management bridges the gap between industry demands and available skills by ensuring that the right skill set is available at the right time.

3. Improving Performance

By giving workers the right chances for training and growth, effective skill management helps them perform to the best of their abilities. When workers possess the abilities necessary for their positions, they can do excellent work, support company objectives, and boost output.

4. Succession Planning

Talent management aids in identifying and nurturing the organization's future leaders. Businesses may create a pipeline of competent people prepared to take on important leadership responsibilities by identifying and developing talent, assuring continuity and reducing interruptions.

5. Enhancing Organizational Agility

By ensuring that staff members possess the abilities necessary to change course and innovate, skill management helps businesses quickly adjust to changing conditions. This agility is essential for staying competitive and seizing new opportunities in dynamic markets.

Thus, skill management is essential for building a talented, engaged, and adaptable workforce at an operational and strategic level that can drive organizational success in a rapidly changing business environment.


Overall, the purpose of skill training and development is to empower individuals, enhance organizational performance, promote economic growth, and contribute to social progress. By investing in skill development, individuals, organizations, and societies can unlock potential, drive innovation, and create opportunities for a brighter future.

To know more in the education and skill development sectors, visit Ampersand Group.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are the features of Skill India?

Skill India is an initiative launched by the Government of India aimed at promoting skill development and vocational training across the country. The initiative seeks to empower Indian youth with the necessary skills to enhance employability, entrepreneurship, and economic growth.

2. What are the objectives of Skill India?

The Skill India initiative has several objectives aimed at promoting skill development and vocational training across India. Some of the key objectives of Skill India include improving employability, empowering job prospects for women and youth, ensuring quality training and meeting industry demands among others.

3. Why was the Skill India mission started?

Skill India mission was started to address several key challenges facing India such as skills gap, unemployment among youth and to drive economic growth.

What is NSQF (National Skills Qualifications Framework)?

By Ampersand Group

What is NSQF (National Skills Qualifications Framework)? - Ampersand Group

What is NSQF (National Skills Qualifications Framework)?

The Indian government launched the National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF) in 2013. It identified the importance of skill development among the youth and students with the realisation that the engines of social and economic progress are based on knowledge and skills. A robust National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) means that the economy can meet the current demand and supply mismatch between skilled workforce in critical sectors such as healthcare and manufacturing.

The Indian government describes NSQF as a quality assurance framework. NSQF organises qualifications in terms of levels of knowledge, skills and aptitude and these are defined by learning outcomes. It is crucial for a learner to possess these levels irrespective of whether they were acquired through formal, non-formal or informal learning. The grades for these levels run from 1 to 10, making it a competency-based skill framework. This nationally integrated education framework covers vocational education, general education as well as technical education.

What are the objectives of the NSQF?

The objectives of National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) are crucial in order to create and ensure a high-quality assurance framework. These are as follows:

1. Indian education system

NSQF takes into account the diversity of the Indian education system and its many training programmes.

2. Structure for development

NSQF provides a set structure for development and maintenance of progression pathways which allows learners to shift without much difficulty from one industry to another. It also provides the necessary qualification for the same.

3. Education and Training

NSQF provides an opportunity to learners to upskill and progress with the help of different educational and training programmes.

4. Global mobility

Various levels of NSQF training allows learners to be equipped with knowledge and skills that help them to be on par with international counterparts. It also recognises the value of Indian qualifications.

5. Life-long learning

The framework enables students and learners to get equipped with crucial skills. These skills not only benefit them for a short period of time but yield results for a lifetime.

What are the key features of NSQF?

Here are some of the key features of NSQF:

1. Skill development and proficiency

The main focus of NSQF continues to be to equip learners with in-demand industry skills and knowledge while making them proficient in the process. This gives learners a level-playing field and a chance for global mobility.

2. Vocational training

The government continues to push vocational training in order to upskill students and youth in sectors such as hospitality, manufacturing and automobile among other. Vocational education also provides a career pathway and bridges the gap between industry and in-demand skills.

3. Progression

Several progression pathways between school education, higher education, technical education, vocational education, training, skilling, and job markets; is available for learners.

4. Multiple entry and exit potential

NSQF allows learners to enter and exit their learning process with flexibility. Thus, catering to a diverse audience across India.

5. Quality Process

Thanks to a national quality assurance framework, the NSQF’s learning outcomes are consistent and nationally acceptable.

What are the benefits of NSQF?

1. Global recognition

The National Skills Qualifications Framework is recognised internationally, thus allowing learners to be flexible in pursuing the right job opportunities or higher education in India or abroad.

2. Skill development

The NSQF ensures students and learners are equipped with the right skills and knowledge of certain industries.

3. In sync with industry demands

The framework contributes in bridging the gap between industry demands and a skilled workforce. Thus, leading to a higher employment rate.

4. Progressive educational system

It pushes students and learners to upskill themselves, as and when required. NSQF pushes for quality education and lifelong learning.

5. Partnerships

In order to better meet the market needs, institutions can partner with companies to provide industry training to learners under NSQF.

Ampersand Group - Benefits of NSQF

What is NSQF level? What are the 10 Levels of NSQF?

As mentioned above, the National Skills Qualification Framework levels are from grade 1 to 10. These 10 levels are categorised based on different learning outcomes of five domains, mainly: process, professional knowledge, professional skill, core skill and responsibility. These can be acquired via formal, informal or vocational education.

Let’s take a look at the 10 levels of NSQF:

1. Level 1 of NSQF

The NSQF level 1 goal is to get learners ready to automatically get into repetitious jobs and save valuable time. A learner does not need any prior experience to acquire jobs at this level. For eg: A helper or security guard.

2. Level 2 of NSQF

The NSQF Level 2 seeks to equip learners with the knowledge and skills necessary to perform routine jobs. It would support logical thinking by assisting them in comprehending and completing the assignment. The level of responsibility at this stage is limited.

3. Level 3 of NSQF

The NSQF Level 3 seeks to equip learners to perform certain employment positions or task that is predictable in nature and requires little effort. For eg: A junior technician will be able to assist in a predictable task.

4. Level 4 of NSQF

The NSQF Level 4 involves people who already have knowledge of the given field. These people are responsible for their own work and are familiar with the nature of the job. For eg: A senior skilled technician.

5. Level 5 of NSQF

The NSQF Level 5 involves people who have a range of skills as well as specialised skills in their domain. This level aims to prep learners with the right skills and help them enter the job market for their choice of profession.

6. Level 6 of NSQF

The NSQF Level 6 requires a wide range of abilities, particularly technical ones. The student must be well-versed in the subject and be able to perform both standard and non-standard tasks depending on the demands of the position. The candidate could be a manager, technical manager or product manager.

7. Level 7 of NSQF

The NSQF Level 7 is a skilled worker equipped with advanced knowledge of critical understanding of emerging developments. The skilled worker has a deep understanding of practical and theoretical concepts and holds high-level responsibility for an organisation’s growth.

8. Level 8 of NSQF

The NSQF Level 8 includes people who are innovation-driven and hold top management positions in multi-national companies. These management professionals are strategic thinkers who are responsible for driving an organisation to newer heights.

9. Level 9 of NSQF

The NSQF Level 9 is a highly skilled person often on the company board of directors. They are responsible for taking strategic and data-driven decisions in the best interest of the company.

10. Level 10 of NSQF

The NSQF Level 10 is a thought leader and trusted innovator, possessing a broad range of knowledge of various fields. They also are the decision-makers when faced with complex business problems and responsible for horizontal or vertical growth of the organisation.

What are the important provisions of NSQF?

The NSQF mechanism put in place is trustworthy, open, and responsible for talent and skill development across several industries.

The ease of mobility that NSQF offers is crucial for young learners to explore and switch job markets or industries.

An effective implementation of NSQF paves the path for life-long learning and skill development.

NSQF also helps learners of different age groups return to formal or informal education and provides the ease of switching occupations.

What are some of the challenges or problems faced by NSQF?

1. The Ministry of Skill Development which is supposed to provide vocational training and Ministry of Human Resource Development responsible for educational courses are not aligned.

2. Another drawback of the NSQF is that there is a gap between theoretical knowledge and practical hands-on experience in vocational training.

3. Unlike general academics, the NSQF does not have clarity on its course curriculum.

Ampersand Group - 10 Levels of NSQF

How NSQF implementation can help educational institutions?

The implementation of NSQF can help educational institutions to bridge the gap between academics and vocational training. This can be done by introducing practical, hands-on training sessions to make students and youngsters job ready. Industrial training must be included in the syllabus to help learners get equipped with crucial skills.


Indian government’s National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) is crucial in bridging the gap between formal school education and vocational training courses. This will give students and learners the opportunity to reach their chosen competency levels, enter the workforce, then, when the time is right, go back and pick up new skills to advance their abilities even further. It also enhances employability by providing evidence of practical proficiency alongside academic qualifications.

To know more about what Ampersand Group does in the education and skill development sectors, visit Ampersand Group.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How to Implement NSQF in Educational Institutions?

Institutions can start by designing a curriculum that integrates academic knowledge with vocational skills relevant to industry needs. These institutions can also establish partnerships with industries to provide students with exposure to real-world work environments through internships and apprenticeships, facilitating a seamless transition from education to employment.

2. Why is the government establishing NSQF?

The government establishes NSQF to bridge the gap between education and employment by providing a standardized framework for skills development.

3. What is the use of an NSQF certificate?

An NSQF certificate serves as a recognized credential that validates an individual's competency in specific skills aligned with national standards. It enhances employability by providing evidence of practical proficiency alongside academic qualifications.

A deep dive on vocational training in India

By Ampersand Group

A deep dive on vocational training in India - Ampersand Group

In today’s quick-changing economic landscape, it is essential to provide the next generation with specialized skills needed for a given trade or career. Vocational training equips youngsters with practical, hands-on experience with a concentrated approach and covers a wide spectrum of industries. Vocational education in India is provided in various sectors such as: Security, Healthcare, IT-ITeS, Media and Entertainment, Tourism, Beauty and Wellness, Apparel, Electronic Hardware, Telecom, Agriculture and Sports among others.

What is Vocational training?

Vocational training aims to give exposure to possible career paths and is delivered through a mix of theory sessions, practical exposure and industry visits. This kind of skill-based education pushes youngsters and students to equip themselves with skills that could lead to impactful career opportunities. Vocational education provides a route for people to acquire the skills and knowledge required to succeed in industrial or commercial occupations, whether they want to become an expert electrician, a talented chef, or an automobile specialist.

What are the benefits of Vocational training?

The benefits of vocational education can be numerous. Some of the advantages of vocational training can be a pathway to a successful career, business opportunity or self-employed and greater job satisfaction amongst many others.

1. Pathway to success

Being exposed to vocational education early on allows students and youngsters to choose a skill that leads to a clear occupational path. This results in students learning trade skills and applying them in their profession, which eventually builds a pathway to success.

2. High in-demand skills

Vocational training equips youngsters with skills that are usually high in demand. Thus, even if the economy gets impacted, these skills continue to remain in demand.

3. Greater satisfaction

Students often choose their vocation based on their interests. Students who have a strong enthusiasm for their chosen field of work are more likely to be content in their careers and have a sense of purpose and belonging.

4. Self-employment

Vocational training benefits youngsters by giving them the trade skills to help them set up their own business and become self-employed. This flexibility allows you to determine your own scope of work and scale of business.

5. High impact

Vocational training programmes, in contrast to standard degree programmes, are short term courses, efficient and have a high impact on individuals. This enables youngsters to finish their training quickly. Compared to those pursuing traditional degrees, those undertaking vocational education, can begin their professions, enter the job, and start making a livelihood earlier.

Ampersand Group - Importance of vocational training

What is the importance of Vocational training?

The importance of vocational education is multi-fold. From bridging the gap in the skill sector to becoming a viable alternative for youngsters today, vocational training can prove beneficial to several people from different segments of society.

1. Addressing skill shortage

Vocational training programmes fill the gap when industries evolve and the need for a specific skillset arises. This gap created due to technology advancement or other reasons, is filled by training people in particular trades or skills. Thus, vocational training is crucial in addressing skill shortage and helping bridge the gap.

2. Fulfilling Industry requirement

As demand for a particular skill arises, vocational training programmes help in meeting this requirement by training youngsters with a practical, concentrated and a hands-on approach. This experience also allows students to easily transition to the workforce.

3. Access to quality education

Vocational training is a cost-effective choice for people who wish to acquire useful skills without taking on a large debt for higher studies. Unlike a 3 or 4-year traditional degree, training centres imparting vocational training charge significantly lesser fees and courses for a shorter duration.

4. Hybrid

The move to online mode of learning has benefited students in more ways than one. Now, to acquire skills, one doesn’t necessarily need to leave the country or their hometown. Thanks to online programmes and affordability, vocational skills can be learnt anytime, anywhere.

5. Backed by the government

The Indian’s government’s Skill India mission has played a major role in upskilling the Indian youth. The government’s goal has been to make India’s youth financially stable and independent. Over the last few years, several workshops have been held to equip the youth with skills and making them industry-ready. This ensures national progress.

6. Tied with industry demand

A strong connection with potential employers enables quick placement, upon completing the training. Skills that are updated and in keeping with global trends are more likely to be valuable and in-demand.

Why is Vocational training important?

Vocational training is crucial to ensure that India’s young population is productive and contributes positively to the country’s economic growth. The vocational skills acquired by these youths will help the nation to progress steadily by bridging the skill gap and continuously meeting industry demands. Therefore, as industry demands evolve, vocational training becomes important to meet these demands and provide the relevant skilled workforce.

What are the types of Vocational training?

1. Trade schools

One of the most popular ways to learn new skills is to join a trade school and get practical experience in fields such as plumbing, car repair or construction among others. These courses provide hands-on experience and help you to gain practical knowledge.

2. Apprenticeship

This type of vocational training is beneficial to students who want to gain practical experience along with the benefit of classroom guidance. This comprehensive learning experience is imparted via skilled professionals who guide apprentices on various occupations such as automotive, carpentry and in the beauty industry. They have a structured plan, defined learning goals as well as evaluation methods. This combination of theory and practical has proven to be a successful mode of vocational learning.

3. On-the-job training

As the name says, this type of vocational training is provided on the job. Students or youngsters have the benefit of learning in their chosen field. These industries can range from information technology to healthcare. You can start learning tricks of the trade from day one alongside experienced professionals. People can get instruction and support from seasoned mentors during their on-the-job training. Through the use of real-world scenarios, they can hone their abilities, get feedback, and ask questions. This practical experience is ideal for youngsters who want to kick-start their professional journey early.

Ampersand Group - Benefits of vocational training

Vocational Training at Ampersand Group

At Ampersand Group, we are preferred partners to the government to support students' skill development programmes in an effort to increase youth employability. We at Ampersand Group provide technology support in running Mega Vocational Training Labs at multiple state-owned schools across the country, in recognition of the important role that vocational education plays in making India’s youth skilled and employable.

Another such successful programme is the DDU-GKY project (Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana), set up by the Government of India in 2014. This scheme aims to enable skill development and employability amongst young adults. These short-term skill training courses act as a bridge between skilled labour and industry vacancies and cover every step of the enrolment journey: training - internship - placement.

Ampersand Group is a proud Implementation Partner with the GOI for several DDU-GKY projects across India.

For example, in Bihar, we had a total of 2162 candidates, of which 1483 women and 679 men candidates were trained in the healthcare sector as General Duty Assistants and home health aide trainees. Here, these candidates receive training in the basics of healthcare like CPR, First Aid, Pathology, Bio-Waste Disposal and Management, along with practical exposure about how to check a patient's blood pressure, heartbeat, pulse, etc. This project has been carried out in various states such as Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh. It has seen an impressive placement rate of 81% for various trades such as healthcare, hospitality and retail.


In summation, vocational training not only helps youngsters and students to become job-ready but also positively impacts industries and economies. It helps in meeting industry requirements by providing a continuous demand of skilled workforce. Trade schools, apprenticeships, or on-the-job training also enable youngsters to contribute positively to the economy.

To know more about vocational training, visit Ampersand Group.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What impact does vocational training make in empowering lives?

Vocational training programmes help a candidate to start learning skills as early as they turn 18. This provides a pathway to a possible career and eventually to an in-demand industry job or a business venture which empowers them to start earning early.

2. Why is vocational training crucial to enter the job market?

With the industrial eco-system changing due to technology, vocational training is crucial to gain skills and get practical exposure to be job-ready.

3. How does technology aid vocational learning?

With a major shift to online mode of learning, technology plays a massive role in vocational skill development. From making training interactive to using new-age tech like AI or virtual reality, these advancements have revolutionised the learning experience.

Digital and Smart Classrooms

By Ampersand Group

Digital and Smart Classrooms - Ampersand Group

In the rapidly evolving landscape of education, traditional classrooms are making way for innovative digital classrooms. These modern learning environments leverage technology to enhance the educational experience for both students and educators.

Let's delve into the key concepts and advantages of the digital and smart classroom.

What is a Smart Classroom?

A smart classroom refers to a learning space where traditional teaching methods seamlessly integrate with digital technology. It goes beyond traditional tools like textbooks and chalkboards, incorporating electronic devices, software and online resources.

Smart classrooms aim to create an interactive and engaging learning experience that caters to the evolving needs of students in the digital age.

Advantages of Smart Classrooms

1. Interactive Learning

Smart classrooms utilises interactive whiteboards, touchscreens and other interactive tools to make learning more dynamic and engaging.

2. Multimedia Integration

Incorporating multimedia elements like audio, videos, animations and simulations enhances the understanding of complex concepts.

4. Real-Time Assessment

Smart classrooms often come equipped with tools for real-time assessment, providing instant feedback to both students and educators.

Benefits of Smart Classrooms

1. Improved Teacher Efficiency

Saves times on administrative tasks, allowing teachers to focus more on delivering a quality education.

2. Customized Learning

Adaptive learning technologies cater to individual student needs, promoting personalized learning.

3. Enhanced Classroom Management

Smart classrooms facilitate better classroom management through tools that help organise lesson plans, track student progress, and manage resources efficiently.

Benefits of Technology for Students

1. 21st-Century Skills

Integration of technology equips students with skills such as critical thinking, problem-solving and digital skills, preparing them for the future challenges.

2. Increased Engagement

Captures students' attention and interest, making the learning experience more enjoyable and memorable.

3. Flexibility and Convenience

Students can learn at their own pace, anytime and anywhere, breaking down geographical barriers and accommodating diverse learning styles.

4. Global Connectivity

Connects students to a global community, fostering cultural awareness and collaboration beyond the confines of traditional classrooms.

What is a Digital Board?

A digital board, also known as an interactive whiteboard or smart board, is a touch-sensitive display. It replaces traditional chalkboards or whiteboards and allows educators to deliver interactive lessons using digital content and applications.

1. Dynamic Presentations

Educators can create dynamic and visually appealing presentations, incorporating multimedia elements.

2. Real-Time Interaction

Digital boards enable real-time interaction, allowing students to actively participate in lessons through touch, gestures or digital pens.

3. Integration with Digital Resources

Digital boards seamlessly integrate with various educational software and online resources, providing access to a wealth of information at the fingertips of both teachers and students.

4. Academic content

Academic content, when brought to life using smart technology through animation, sound and rich visuals, facilitates teachers to design stimulating learning experiences that transform classrooms into vibrant, interactive, and creative learning spaces, leveraging the full pedagogical potential of ICT. This ensures more student engagement, subject matter retention and better learning outcomes.


Digital and smart classroom offers a myriad of benefits that enhance the teaching and learning experience. As technology continues to advance, educators and students alike stand to gain from the opportunities presented by these innovative learning environments.

To know more in the education and skill development sectors, visit Ampersand Group.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the role of the virtual classroom?

A virtual classroom is an online environment for teaching and learning where instructors and students can share course materials, interact with each other, and collaborate in groups.

2. What are digital tools?

Digital tools encompass software, programs, or applications used on computers, laptops, cell phones, IoT devices, or other information and communication technology (ICT). These tools are fundamental to supporting and driving IT transformation and architecture.

3. What are the advantages of future classroom?

In a futuristic classroom, students have the ability to customize their learning environment to suit their needs. They can actively collaborate, communicate, and engage with others from around the globe.

Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) in India

By Ampersand Group

Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) in India - Ampersand Group

The National Early Childhood Care and Education Policy1 envisages nurturing and promotion of holistic development for children under 6 years of age. The Policy lays down the way forward for a comprehensive approach towards ensuring a sound foundation for survival, growth and development of children with focus on care and early learning for every child.

What is the need for ECCE?

The first six years of life are critical in human life, since a child has greater capacity to learn and absorb in those years than at any other stage of development. A holistic Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) makes a positive impact on children’s long term development and learning by facilitating an enabling and stimulating environment in these years. So it is imperative that this true ‘window of opportunity’ is fully used and strengthened to ensure long term benefits.

What is Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE)?

Early Childhood Care and Education in the Indian context is generally defined as the care and education of children from birth to eight years. It involves development of child under six main areas of development2.

  • Sensory and Perceptual Development.
  • Physical, Health and Motor development.
  • Language Development.
  • Cognitive Development.
  • Development of Creative and Aesthetic Appreciation.
  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development.

In 3 stages:

  • Early stimulation programmes for 0-3 years: Crèches/homes stimulation.
  • Early childhood education (ECE) programmes for 3-6 year: Anganwadis, Balwadis, Nurseries, Preschools and kindergartens.
  • Early Primary Education Programmes for 6-8 year: In schools.

Ampersand Group - Importance of Early Childhood Care and Education in India

What are the principles of Early Learning and Development?

These are based on the insights and observations of thinkers and evidences from researches. Some are outlined below:

  • Children have innate curiosity and a desire to learn.
  • Children learn through play.
  • Development and learning takes place in all domains.
  • Children’s development and learning follows a sequence.
  • Child Development and Learning are characterized by individual variations.
  • Children learn best through from experiential learning.
  • Children learn and develop in a stimulating, yet nurturing and protective environment.
  • Development and learning is largely influenced by the socio-cultural context.

What are the aims and objectives of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE)3?

  • Ensure child is valued, respected, feels safe and secure and develops a positive self-concept.
  • Enable a sound foundation for physical and motor development.
  • Imbibe good nutrition routines, health habits, hygiene practices and self-help skills.
  • Enable effective communication and develop both receptive and expressive language skills.
  • Promote development and integration of the senses.
  • Stimulate curiosity and develop conceptual understanding of the world around by providing opportunities to explore, investigate and experiment.
  • Enhance development of pro-social skills, social competence and emotional well-being.
  • Develop sense of aesthetic appreciation and stimulate creative learning processes.
  • Imbibe culturally and developmentally appropriate behavior and core human values of respect and love for fellow human beings.
  • Enable a smooth transition from home to ECCE centre to formal schooling.
  • Enhance scope for overall personality development.

What are the importance of early childhood care and education in India?

Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) is the cornerstone of a child's educational voyage, fostering an environment that sets the stage for lifelong learning and well-being. The significance of this period lies not only in academic preparation but in the holistic development of young minds.

The National Education Policy (NEP) also recognizes the pivotal role of ECCE. Effective implementation of ECCE initiatives in India holds the promise of providing every child with the nurturing and quality education they deserve. The objectives of ECCE extend far beyond academics; they embrace the cultivation of young souls and the building of resilient communities.

The investment in our young generation means an investment in the future. By sowing the seeds of success with the confidence that these children will blossom one day into leaders, innovators and compassionate individuals, shaping a brighter and better world for us all.


In conclusion, the National Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Policy emphasizes the vital importance of the first six years in a child's life for holistic development. ECCE aims to create a nurturing and stimulating environment that supports comprehensive growth in various domains such as physical, cognitive, social, and emotional development.

By adhering to principles from research and observations, ECCE fosters a safe and engaging learning atmosphere. The effective implementation of ECCE in India is crucial for preparing well-rounded individuals, beyond mere academic readiness. Investing in ECCE is investing in the future, ensuring the cultivation of future leaders, innovators, and compassionate members of society.

To know more in the education and skill development sectors, visit Ampersand Group.

Ampersand Group - Objectives of ECCE

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What age group is early childhood care and education for?

Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE), encompassing the ages from birth to eight years, is crucial as it leverages a time of significant brain development in children. High-quality ECCE can play a pivotal role in helping children reach their full potential during this formative period.

2. What is the role of ECCE in NEP?

The Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) component of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 emphasizes establishing a solid foundation for children aged 3 to 6 years. It acknowledges the essential role of ECCE in fostering a child's comprehensive development, covering cognitive, social, emotional, and physical dimensions.

3. What are the 3 R's of ECCE?

The 3R's of Early Learning: Relationships, Repetition, and Routines. Research indicates that these three key processes significantly influence young children's development and early learning.


1. National Early Childhood Care and Education-Resolution.pdf.

2. Microsoft Word - 2. National ECCE Curr Framework final .doc.

3. Microsoft Word - ECCE curriculum.docx.

A guide on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy

By Ampersand Group

A guide on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy - Ampersand Group

Foundational Literacy and Numeracy is one of the major themes of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020. The NEP 2020 prioritises foundational literacy and numeracy (FLN) for all children of age group 3 to 8 years as an “urgent national mission”. The Ministry of Education’s NIPUN-Bharat i.e. National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy program, provided guidelines to ensure that every child achieves the desired learning competencies in reading, writing and numeracy at the end of Class III.

What is Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN)?

FLN is broadly conceptualised as the ability to read with meaning and perform basic calculations such as addition and subtraction.

But in a larger context Foundational Literacy and Numeracy is more than just the child’s ability to read basic texts and solve number operations. It also includes several foundational literacy competencies such as phonics development, decoding sounds, reading fluency, reading comprehension, drawing and writing. It helps them decode meaning from the text and voice.

Whereas Foundational Numeracy helps in understanding numbers, shapes, measurement etc. Children learn basic mathematical skills to solve problems which need some calculations or deductions.

Why does Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN) matter?

Foundational Literacy and Numeracy is crucial in early development of children’s cognitive capabilities and have been scientifically correlated with better educational outcomes in later years. It has a significant impact on children’s academic progress throughout their life. With good foundational literacy and numeracy skills help children to learn more meaningfully in higher classes and acquire 21st century skills like problem-solving and critical thinking.

India's aspiration to reap the benefits of its demographic dividend hinges on the attainment of fundamental literacy and numeracy by all children.

Ampersand Group - Foundational Literacy

What are the issues related with Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN)?

There are several issues associated with Foundational Literacy and Numeracy skills and addressing them is essential for promoting quality education. Here are some key issues:

1. Lack of Access to Education

In many parts of our country especially in remote and rural areas lack of access to quality education is still an issue. This deprives individuals of the opportunity to develop foundational literacy and numeracy skills.

2. Quality of Education

When education is accessible, the quality of teaching and learning materials are not adequate. Poorly trained teachers, outdated curriculum and insufficient resources can contribute to a low-quality education that fails to impart strong foundational skills.

3. Language Barriers

Language plays a crucial role in foundational literacy. In regions with linguistic diversity, students may face challenges if the language of instruction at school is different from their native language.

4. Socio-Economic Disparities

Socioeconomic factors, such as poverty, children from marginalize communities often lack access to educational resources and may face additional challenges.

5. Gender Disparities

Gender biases can also affect access to education and the development of foundational skills.

6. Insufficient Parental Involvement

Lack of awareness about the importance of foundational skills, coupled with limited parental involvement in the learning process, can impede a child's progress.

7. Lack of Relevant Learning Materials

Inadequate or outdated materials such as textbooks, workbooks and less use of educational technology tools can hinder effective learning.

Addressing these issues requires a comprehensive and collaborative approach involving policymakers, educators, communities and parents working together to prioritise and improve foundational literacy and numeracy skills for all individuals, regardless of their background or location.

What is the importance of Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN)?

Foundational literacy and numeracy are essential building blocks for a person's overall development and success in various aspects of life. Here are some key benefits:

1. Academic Success

Proficiency in foundational literacy and numeracy lays the groundwork for academic success. These skills are fundamental for learning other subjects and for tackling more advanced concepts in various disciplines.

2. Critical Thinking

Literacy and numeracy skills foster critical thinking and problem-solving abilities. Individuals who can read, analyse information and solve mathematical problems are better equipped to make sound decisions in both personal and professional contexts.

3. Communication Skills

Literacy skills enhance communication abilities, allowing individuals to express themselves clearly and effectively. This is crucial at the workplace, in personal relationships and broader social interactions.

4. Lifelong Learning

A strong foundation in literacy and numeracy encourages a habit of lifelong learning, to seek out new information, engage in continuous education and adapt to evolving circumstances.

5. Social Inclusion

Literacy and numeracy skills contribute to social inclusion by enabling individuals to participate fully in their communities. This includes engaging in civic activities, understanding social issues and contributing to the overall well-being of society.

6. Health Literacy

Literacy skills are linked to better hygiene and health outcomes. Individuals with strong literacy skills are more likely to understand health information, follow medical instructions and make informed choices about their personal well-being.

7. Reduction of Inequality

Foundational literacy and numeracy in India can play a role in reducing socio-economic disparities. Providing equal access to quality education that emphasizes these skills helps level the playing field and reduce inequality.

8. Socio-Economic Development

Our country will be better positioned for socio-economic development. A skilled workforce contributes to innovation, productivity and overall economic growth. Literate and numerate individuals are more likely to actively participate in society, breaking stereotypes, biases etc., thus leading to social development.

Ampersand Group - Foundational Numeracy


Altogether, investing in foundational literacy and numeracy is not only crucial for individual development, but will also contribute significantly to the overall progress and well-being of communities and our country.

To know more in the education and skill development sectors, visit Ampersand Group.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are the 5 pillars of FLN?

The five pillars of FLN are Educational Infrastructure, Access to Education, Basic Health, Leaning Outcomes and Governance.

2. What is Literacy and Numeracy?

Literacy extends beyond mere reading and writing proficiency. It encompasses a spectrum of competencies including critical thinking, effective communication, adaptability to change, and problem-solving across diverse situations. Its goal is to empower individuals to pursue personal aspirations, expand knowledge, and engage actively within society.

Similarly, numeracy involves utilizing mathematical comprehension and skills to navigate the complexities of daily life within intricate social environments.

3. Why are Literacy and Numeracy Important?

Early literacy and numeracy skills serve as the cornerstone of learning and are associated with improved quality of life, individual wellness, national stability, and prosperity. They play a pivotal role in shaping educational achievements in later stages. Proficient literacy and numeracy enable children to explore, analyze, problem-solve, and express themselves creatively.

They empower children to become engaged, informed members of society who contribute meaningfully socially, culturally, and economically. Conversely, limited access to early literacy and numeracy opportunities hinders children's academic advancement and enthusiasm, leading to persistent academic challenges.

Continuous Professional Development Training for Teachers in Assam by Ampersand Group

By Ampersand Group

Continuous Professional Development Training for Teachers in Assam by Ampersand Group - Ampersand Group

In the ever-evolving landscape of education, staying up-to-date about the latest teaching methodologies and integrating cutting-edge technology into the classroom is important for teachers.

Recognising the need for continuous professional development of teachers, Ampersand Group has taken a significant step in empowering teachers in Assam. Through an extensive 90 hours of online teacher training program, we have equipped teachers in Assam with the knowledge and skills required to align with the 21st-century approaches to learning, pedagogy, and evaluation. One of the key highlights was the incorporation of features of a smart classroom, including the utilisation of digital boards for teaching.

The continuous professional development for teachers covered a wide spectrum of topics spanned across 36 modules essential for holistic teacher development.

Ampersand Group - CPD training for teachers

What are the key modules and learning objectives of CPD training for teachers?

1. Microsoft Office and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Tools

This module laid the groundwork for harnessing technology in the educational sphere. Teachers learned the fundamentals of Microsoft Office and ICT tools, equipping them with essential digital skills. One of the core components covered in the training is the incorporation of smart classroom features. The curriculum focused on harnessing the power of ICT and Web 2.0 to enhance the teaching and learning experience. A special emphasis was placed on utilizing digital boards for teaching, a fundamental feature of modern smart classrooms.

2. Health and Nutrition Basics

The significance of health and nutrition in a child's development cannot be overstated. Teachers received training on the three pillars of development, the importance of a balanced diet and the potential impact of malnutrition on a child's overall well-being.

3. Safety Practices in Schools

Safety is a paramount concern in any educational institution. Teachers underwent training in safety management, audit and monitoring procedures, first aid, disease management and protocols for safety in various settings such as the school, classroom and school bus. The importance of emotional health was also emphasized in this module.

4. Understanding Adolescence

Navigating the complexities of adolescence was a crucial aspect of the training. Teachers gained insights into the stages of adolescence, the needs and problems faced by adolescents, learning challenges during this period, the impact of different parenting styles and issues related to substance abuse.

5. Spectrum of Special Needs

Ampersand Group recognised the diverse needs of students and addressed them through training in various aspects of special education. This module covered types of cognitive, learning and physical disabilities, sensory impairment, medical conditions, barriers to communication and interaction and the social and emotional challenges faced by special-needs students.

6. 21st Century Approaches to Learning, Pedagogy and Evaluations

The training concluded with a comprehensive module on modern teaching methodologies. Teachers explored concepts such as learning and pedagogy, teaching evaluation and assessment and the role of technology in education, including the use of digital classrooms.

With this training, teachers were able to bridge the gap between traditional teaching methods and the evolving needs of today's digitally-driven classrooms. They gained practical knowledge and hands-on experience in utilising technological tools to create engaging and interactive learning environments.

The training extended beyond academic aspects to encompass the holistic development of both teachers and students. Teachers gained insights into nutrition, safety and emotional well-being—elements that contribute significantly to a conducive learning environment. This holistic approach ensured that teachers are well-equipped to address not only academic needs but also the overall well-being of their students.


In the pursuit of excellence in education, continuous professional development is not just a requirement but a commitment to nurturing the future. Ampersand Group's CPD training for teachers in Assam stands as a testament to the organization's dedication to advancing education through innovative teaching methodologies, technology integration and a holistic approach to teacher development.

The program’s success was evident from the marked improvement exhibited by participating teachers across all courses. Ampersand Group takes pride in contributing to the continuous professional development of teachers, a factor that not only propels their careers forward but also ensures that students benefit from a more enriched and tailored learning experience.

Ampersand Group - Continuous professional development for teachers

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How was the effectiveness of the training programme measured, and what specific improvements or outcomes were observed among the participating teachers?

The effectiveness of the training programme was assessed through various means, including monitoring the performance and progress of participating teachers throughout the courses.

Specific improvements noted among the teachers included enhanced proficiency in utilizing digital tools and technologies, better understanding of modern teaching methodologies, increased awareness of health, safety, and nutrition issues, and improved ability to address the diverse needs of students, including those with special needs.

2. Are there any plans to expand this training programme to other regions or states beyond Assam, and if so, what are the criteria for selecting the areas where it will be implemented?

While the article doesn't explicitly mention plans for expanding the training programme beyond Assam, it can be inferred that such expansions may be considered based on the success and positive outcomes observed in Assam.

However, the specific criteria for selecting new regions or states for implementation are not provided. Factors such as the educational needs of different areas, availability of resources, and partnerships with local educational authorities may influence the decision to expand the programme.

3. What ongoing support or resources will be provided to the teachers who completed the training to ensure they continue to implement and integrate the knowledge and skills gained into their teaching practices effectively?

The article does not detail specific ongoing support or resources for teachers who completed the training. However, it can be assumed that Ampersand Group would provide continued assistance and follow-up sessions to ensure the sustained implementation of newly acquired skills and knowledge.

This might include access to online resources, periodic check-ins or refresher courses, and opportunities for further professional development or networking within the educational community.

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