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Difference between TLM and Teaching Aids

By Ampersand Group

The world of education has evolved leaps and bounds in India. Educators have changed their approach to imparting lessons and now use innovative instructional material to help students grasp concepts better. To carry out such tasks, educators use Teaching Learning Material (TLM) and Teaching Aids. One might wonder what is the difference between TLM and Teaching Aids. Turns out, they are two sides of the same coin but there is a fine line that separates the two. TLM and teaching aids complement each other but stand out for their offerings.

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Difference between TLM and Teaching Aids
Sr No. Teacher Learning Material Teaching Aids

What is TLM?

Teaching Learning Materials are used by educators to relay knowledge to students. These teaching materials include textbooks, worksheets and blackboards or whiteboards among other instructional items.

What is Teaching Aids?

Whereas, teaching aids are new-age tech items used by educators to make the lesson being taught more effective. For example, teaching aids can include audio-visual aids, educational games, projectors, smartboards, field trips, infographics and charts or posters.


What are the types of TLM?

All learning-assistance resources, including digital and printed materials, are included in TLMs. Giving students the tools they need to comprehend and retain information is the main goal. Workbooks, worksheets, handouts, and textbooks are the main categories of TLMs. In addition to traditional TLMs, this category also includes digital resources including instructional apps and e-books.

What are the types of Teaching Aids?

A subset of TLMs, teaching aids are primarily resources that help educators carry out their lessons. The primary objective of teaching aids is to assist teachers in their instructional endeavours by simplifying the explanation of intricate concepts and sustaining students' attention. A few examples of teaching aids are interactive resources like smartboards and educational games, models and actual items, and audio-visual aids.


What are the importance of TLM?

Teaching Learning Materials play a crucial role in the educational process, providing numerous benefits that enhance both teaching and learning. Here’s why TLM is important:

  • Simple and enhanced understanding: To assist students learn better and retain topics, several TLMs make it easy. For example, workbooks help students to practice what they learn in class through instructional material.
  • All-encompassing: TLM is inclusive and supports a variety of learning methods. It is adaptable enough to instruct students of varying skill levels. TLM facilitates remote and online learning as well.
  • Critical Thinking: TLMs frequently incorporate critical thinking and problem-solving activities, which helps students to develop these vital abilities.

What are the importance of Teaching Aids?

Teaching aids are important instruments in the educational space since they improve learning and teaching while providing a number of advantages.

  • Memory Retention: Students are better able to retain material when they use interactive and visual aids.
  • Clarification of Concepts: Teaching aids make abstract ideas more understandable by offering concrete, visual examples of difficult to understand subject matter.
  • Multisensory Learning: Teaching aids accommodate many learning preferences, including kinesthetic, auditory, and visual, so that all students can access and comprehend the content.

What are the objectives of TLM?

The primary objective of TLM is to improve the teaching and learning process via tools that promote comprehension, engagement and creativity.

  • Comprehension: To assist students connect with and understand the topic, TLM provides concrete examples and real-world applications.
  • Engagement: Learning becomes more dynamic and enjoyable when materials are interactive and hands-on, thus encouraging active engagement.
  • Creativity: Artistic and project-based TLMs encourage creativity and innovation in both teaching and learning processes.

What are the objectives of Teaching Aids?

The primary objective of teaching aids is to play a crucial role in improving the effectiveness of teaching by providing visual, auditory and interactive tools that enhance clarity, engagement, and understanding.

  • High engagement: By adding interest and excitement to classes, teaching aids help students stay focused and interested throughout the whole lesson.
  • Multisensory Learning: Using all three senses —sight, hearing, and touch— improves information recall and memory retention for learners.
  • Adaptability: Flexibility and adaptability are features of digital teaching aids that enable modification to meet the demands of students and various educational environments.

What are the examples of TLM?

Teaching Learning Material: A science kit for experiments is a set of physical materials and tools designed to facilitate hands-on learning and experimentation in science subjects.

  • Objective: Give students opportunities for hands-on, experiential learning that will allow them to investigate scientific ideas, hone their critical thinking abilities, and understand concepts through direct observation and experimentation.
  • Result: Students do experiments using the science kit either on their own or under the direction of teachers. Through active engagement, they follow directions, observe findings, collect data, and form conclusions, ultimately developing a greater comprehension of scientific topics.

What are the examples of Teaching Aids?

Teaching Aid: Interactive Whiteboard an interactive whiteboard is a technological teaching aid that combines a traditional whiteboard with computer capabilities. It allows teachers to display content from a computer onto the board's surface and interact with it using a stylus, fingers or other tools.

  • Objective: To enhance lesson delivery by providing interactive visual content and engage students through a multimedia approach.
  • Result: Instructors can project charts, diagrams, instructional software, and films onto the interactive whiteboard. They are able to annotate text, move items around on the screen, and lead interactive exercises like simulations and quizzes. This helps students to be more engaged and active, while helping them to retain the learning material.


There is a lot of overlap between TLMs and instructional aids despite these distinctions. Numerous resources can accomplish both goals, improving students' learning experiences and assisting teachers in delivering lessons more successfully. For instance, a video can be a teaching aid when used by a teacher to explain a concept, and it can be part of TLMs when students watch it independently for further understanding.

To know more in the education and skill development sectors, visit Ampersand Group.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are the principle of TLM and Teaching Aids?

There are five principles of TLM and teaching aids. They are:

  • Principle of Selection
  • Principle of Preparation
  • Principle of Proper presentation
  • Principle of Response
  • Principle of Control

2. What are the two different teaching methods?

Teacher-centered instruction and student-centered instruction are the two primary categories of instructional strategies and tactics.

The teacher takes on an active role while the student takes on a passive role in teacher-centered instruction. In contrast, the focus of student-centered instruction is the students themselves.

3. What are the classification of TLM & Teaching Aids?

Learning instructional material as well as tools used by educators have evolved over the years. Today, TLMs and teaching aids can be classified on several parameters dependent on how they contribute to a student and teacher’s learning-teaching experience. Irrespective of TLM or teaching aids, they are classified based on different categories.

Let’s take a look at some of the categories below:

  • Traditional Vs Modern
    Though learning material and teaching aids have changed throughout time, they have definitely long been our reliable allies. Traditional educational material that is always reliable are the classic ones, such as textbooks, worksheets, eye-catching charts and instructive games. However, modern aids with interactive whiteboards and digital apps make learning interactive.
  • Real-life Vs Virtual
    Virtual adventures or real-life experiences are also used as an effective teaching tool. A practical example is when a student goes to a zoo to learn about animals. Whereas, when an online simulation is used to teach students the wonders of space, it helps the learner to grasp and remember the concept of space with clarity.
  • Individual Vs Group
    Teaching tools can be created for both group and individual instruction. Individual learning tools, such as interactive quizzes for math problems, support individual learning. Group aids promote cooperation and teamwork by bringing learners together.
Difference between TLM and Teaching Aids | Ampersand Group
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